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Mongo DB

Airbyte's certified MongoDB connector offers the following features:

Quick Start

This section provides information about configuring the MongoDB V2 source connector. If you are upgrading from a previous version of the MongoDB V2 source connector, please refer to the upgrade instructions in this document.

New Installation/New Source Connector Configuration

Here is an outline of the minimum required steps to configure a new MongoDB V2 source connector:

  1. Create or discover the configuration of a MongoDB replica set, either hosted in MongoDB Atlas or self-hosted.
  2. Create a new MongoDB source in the Airbyte UI
  3. (Airbyte Cloud Only) Allow inbound traffic from Airbyte IPs

Once this is complete, you will be able to select MongoDB as a source for replicating data.

Step 1: Create a dedicated read-only MongoDB user

These steps create a dedicated, read-only user for replicating data. Alternatively, you can use an existing MongoDB user with access to the database.

MongoDB Atlas
  1. Log in to the MongoDB Atlas dashboard.
  2. From the dashboard, click on "Database Access" under "Security"

Security Database Access

  1. Click on the "+ ADD NEW DATABASE USER" button.

Add New Database User

  1. On the "Add new Database User" modal dialog, choose "Password" for the "Authentication Method".

Authentication Method

  1. In the "Password Authentication" section, set the username to READ_ONLY_USER in the first text box and set a password in the second text box.

Username and Password

  1. Under "Database User Privileges", click on "Select one built-in role for this user" under "Built-in Role" and choose "Only read any database".

Database User Privileges

  1. Enable "Restrict Access to Specific Clusters/Federated Database instances" and enable only those clusters/database that you wish to replicate.

Restrict Access

  1. Click on "Add User" at the bottom to save the user.

Add User

Self Hosted

These instructions assume that the MongoDB shell is installed. To install the MongoDB shell, please follow these instructions.

  1. From a terminal window, launch the MongoDB shell:
> mongosh <connection string to cluster> --username <user with admin permissions>;
  1. Switch to the admin database:
test> use admin
switched to db admin
  1. Create the READ_ONLY_USER user with the read role:
admin> db.createUser({user: "READ_ONLY_USER", pwd: "READ_ONLY_PASSWORD", roles: [{role: "read", db: "TARGET_DATABASE"}]})

Replace READ_ONLY_PASSWORD with a password of your choice and TARGET_DATABASE with the name of the database to be replicated.

  1. Next, enable authentication, if not already enabled. Start by editing the /etc/mongodb.conf by adding/editing these specific keys:

authorization: enabled

Setting the bindIp key to will allow connections to database from any IP address. Setting the security.authorization key to enabled will enable security and only allow authenticated users to access the database.

Step 2: Discover the MongoDB cluster connection string

These steps outline how to discover the connection string of your MongoDB instance.

MongoDB Atlas

Atlas is MongoDB's cloud-hosted offering. Below are the steps to discover the connection configuration for a MongoDB Atlas-hosted replica set cluster:

  1. Log in to the MongoDB Atlas dashboard.
  2. From the dashboard, click on the "Connect" button of the source cluster.

Connect to Source Cluster

  1. On the "Connect to <cluster name>" modal dialog, select "Shell" under the "Access your data through tools" section.

Shell Connect

  1. Copy the connection string from the entry labeled "2. Run your connection string in your command line" on the modal dialog, removing/avoiding the quotation marks.

Copy Connection String

Self Hosted Cluster

Self-hosted clusters are MongoDB instances that are hosted outside of MongoDB Atlas. Below are the steps to discover the connection string for a MongoDB self-hosted replica set cluster.

  1. Refer to the MongoDB connection string documentation for instructions on discovering a self-hosted deployment connection string.

Step 3: Configure the Airbyte MongoDB Source

To configure the Airbyte MongoDB source, use the database credentials and connection string from steps 1 and 2, respectively. The source will test the connection to the MongoDB instance upon creation.

Replication Methods

The MongoDB source utilizes change data capture (CDC) as a reliable way to keep your data up to date. In addtion MongoDB source now allows for syncing in a full refresh mode.


Airbyte utilizes the change streams feature of a MongoDB replica set to incrementally capture inserts, updates and deletes using a replication plugin. To learn more how Airbyte implements CDC, refer to Change Data Capture (CDC).

Full Refresh

The Full refresh sync mode added in v4.0.0 allows for reading a the entire contents of a collection, repeatedly. The MongoDB source connector is using checkpointing in Full Refresh read so a sync job that failed for netwrok error for example, Rather than starting over it will continue its full refresh read from a last known point.

Schema Enforcement

By default the MongoDB V2 source connector enforces a schema. This means that while setting up a connector it will sample a configureable number of docuemnts and will create a set of fields to sync. From that set of fields, an admin can then deselect specific fields from the Replication screen to filter them out from the sync.

When the schema enforced option is disabled, MongoDB collections are read in schema-less mode which doesn't assume documents share the same structure. This allows for greater flexibility in reading data that is unstructured or vary a lot in between documents in a single collection. When schema is not enforced, each document will generate a record that only contains the following top-level fields:

"_id": <document id>,
"data": {<a JSON cotaining the entire set of fields found in document>}

The contents of data will vary according to the contents of each document read from MongoDB. Unlike in Schema enforced mode, the same field can vary in type between document. For example field "xyz" may be a String on one document and a Date on another. As a result no field will be omitted and no document will be rejected. When Schema is not enforced there is not way to deselect fields as all fields are read for every document.

Limitations & Troubleshooting

To see connector limitations, or troubleshoot your MongoDB connector, see more in our MongoDB troubleshooting guide.

Configuration Parameters

Parameter NameDescription
Cluster TypeThe type of the MongoDB cluster (MongoDB Atlas replica set or self-hosted replica set).
Connection StringThe connection string of the source MongoDB cluster. For Atlas hosted clusters, see the quick start guide for steps to find the connection string. For self-hosted clusters, refer to the MongoDB connection string documentation for more information.
Database NameThe name of the database that contains the source collection(s) to sync.
UsernameThe username which is used to access the database. Required for MongoDB Atlas clusters.
PasswordThe password associated with this username. Required for MongoDB Atlas clusters.
Authentication Source(MongoDB Atlas clusters only) Specifies the database that the supplied credentials should be validated against. Defaults to admin. See the MongoDB documentation for more details.
Schema EnforcedControls whether schema is discovered and enforced. See discussion in Schema Enforcement.
Initial Waiting Time in Seconds (Advanced)The amount of time the connector will wait when it launches to determine if there is new data to sync or not. Defaults to 300 seconds. Valid range: 120 seconds to 1200 seconds.
Size of the queue (Advanced)The size of the internal queue. This may interfere with memory consumption and efficiency of the connector, please be careful.
Discovery Sample Size (Advanced)The maximum number of documents to sample when attempting to discover the unique fields for a collection. Default is 10,000 with a valid range of 1,000 to 100,000. See the MongoDB sampling method for more details.
Update Capture Mode (Advanced)Determines how Airbyte looks up the value of an updated document. Default is "Lookup". IMPORTANT : "Post image" is only supported in MongoDB version 6.0+. In addition, the collections of interest must be setup to return pre and post images. Failure to do so will lead to data loss.

For more information regarding configuration parameters, please see MongoDb Documentation.


VersionDatePull RequestSubject
1.3.132024-05-0936851Support reading collection with a binary _id type.
1.3.122024-05-0736851Upgrade debezium to version 2.5.1.
1.3.112024-05-0237753Chunk size(limit) should correspond to ~1GB of data.
1.3.102024-05-0237781Adopt latest CDK.
1.3.92024-05-0137742Adopt latest CDK. Remove Debezium retries.
1.3.82024-04-2437559Implement fixed-size chunking while performing initial load.
1.3.72024-04-2437557Change bug in resume token validity check.
1.3.62024-04-2437525Internal refactor.
1.3.52024-04-2237348Do not send estimate trace if we do not have data.
1.3.42024-04-1637348Populate null values in airbyte record messages.
1.3.32024-04-0536872Update to connector's metadat definition.
1.3.22024-04-0436845Adopt Kotlin CDK.
1.3.12024-04-0436837Adopt CDK 0.28.0.
1.3.02024-03-1535669Full refresh read of collections.
1.2.162024-03-0635669State message will now include record count.
1.2.152024-02-2735673Consume user provided connection string.
1.2.142024-02-2735675Fix invalid cdc error message.
1.2.132024-02-2235569Fix logging bug.
1.2.122024-02-2135526Improve error handling.
1.2.112024-02-2035375Add config to throw an error on invalid CDC position and enable it by default.
1.2.102024-02-1335036Emit analytics message for invalid CDC cursor.
1.2.92024-02-1335114Extend subsequent cdc record wait time to the duration of initial. Bug Fixes
1.2.82024-02-0834748Adopt CDK 0.19.0
1.2.72024-02-0134759Fail sync if initial snapshot for any stream fails.
1.2.62024-01-3134594Scope initial resume token to streams of interest.
1.2.52024-01-2934641Allow resuming an initial snapshot when Id type is not of default ObjectId .
1.2.42024-01-2634573Adopt CDK v0.16.0.
1.2.32024-01-1834364Add additional logging for resume token + reduce discovery size to 10.
1.2.22024-01-1634314Reduce minimum document discovery size to 100.
1.2.12023-12-1833549Add logging to understand op log size.
1.2.02023-12-1833438Remove LEGACY state flag
1.1.02023-12-1432328Schema less mode in mongodb.
1.0.122023-12-1333430Add more verbose logging.
1.0.112023-11-2833356Support for better debugging tools.
1.0.102023-11-2832886Handle discover phase OOMs
1.0.92023-11-0832285Additional support to read UUIDs
1.0.82023-11-0832125Fix compilation warnings
1.0.72023-11-0732250Add support to read UUIDs.
1.0.62023-11-0632193Adopt java CDK version 0.4.1.
1.0.52023-10-3132028url encode username and password.
Handle a case of document update and delete in a single sync.
1.0.32023-10-1931629Allow discover operation use of disk file when an operation goes over max allowed mem
1.0.22023-10-1931596Allow use of temp disk file when an operation goes over max allowed mem
1.0.12023-10-0331034Fix field filtering logic related to nested documents
1.0.02023-10-0329969General availability release using Change Data Capture (CDC)
0.2.52023-07-2728815Revert back to version 0.2.0
0.2.42023-07-2628760Fix bug preventing some syncs from succeeding when collecting stats
0.2.32023-07-2628733Fix bug preventing syncs from discovering field types
0.2.22023-07-2528692Fix bug preventing statistics retrieval from views
0.2.12023-07-2128527Log server information
0.2.02023-06-2627737License Update: Elv2
0.1.192022-10-0717614Increased discover performance
0.1.182022-10-0517590Add ability to enforce SSL in MongoDB connector and check logic
0.1.172022-09-0816401Fixed bug with empty strings in fields with aibyte_transform
0.1.162022-08-1814356DB Sources: only show a table can sync incrementally if at least one column can be used as a cursor field
0.1.152022-06-1713864Updated stacktrace format for any trace message errors
0.1.142022-05-0512428JsonSchema: Add properties to fields with type 'object'
0.1.132022-02-2110276Create a custom codec registry to handle DBRef MongoDB objects
0.1.122022-02-1410256(unpublished) Add -XX:+ExitOnOutOfMemoryError JVM option
0.1.112022-01-109238Return only those collections for which the user has privileges
0.1.102021-12-309202Update connector fields title/description
0.1.92021-12-078491Configure 10000 limit doc reading during Discovery step
0.1.82021-11-298306Added milliseconds for date format for cursor
0.1.72021-11-228161Updated Performance and updated cursor for timestamp type
0.1.52021-11-178046Added milliseconds to convert timestamp to datetime format
0.1.42021-11-157982Updated Performance
0.1.32021-10-197160Fixed nested document parsing
0.1.22021-10-076860Added filter to avoid MongoDb system collections
0.1.12021-09-216364Source MongoDb: added support via TLS/SSL
0.1.02021-08-305530New source: MongoDb ported to java